starting of the cold war timelines Till 1970 cold war influence among the countries were decreased . First time Ricard Nixon president of America visited China in 1972 . till 1972 America did not recognisation .
But After 1972 visit of president of America , Ricard Nixon did set up diplomatic Relation with China then America started trades and business with China and it comes in the Cold war timelines
A policy between of USSR and US
A policy was signed between USSR and US which was a French word DETENTE meaning of this word in English is Co-operation .
by this policy USSR and US would be decrease their aggressiveness for each other .
In DETENTE , A treaty signed between USSR and USA which was STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TALKS ( SALT 1 ) in 1973 .
SALT 2 in 1979 failed because America did not signed on this treaty and this was a big the cold war timelines .
So SALT-1 treaty was that Both USSR and US would reduce their nuclear weapons and both was agreed with this treaty .
Second condition of treaty was that reduction and stop manufacturing of Anti Ballistic Missile .
After this treaty , difference of USSR and US was sink .
Soviet Union sent their troops in Afganistan
In 1979 USSR or Soviet Union sent their troops for help of newly formed communist government in Afghanistan .
Again differences increased between USSR and USA because of USSR action in Afghanistan .
America felted that USSR again want to increase communism in Afghanistan because a new communism government was formed in Afghanistan .
So America started to support rebels of Afghanistan who was against communist government of Afghanistan .
And that’s who rebel was Mujaheedin , America helped to Mujaheedin with Money and weapons and this was the cold war timelines .
why did help to Pakistan in indo-pak 1971 war?
Pakistan , neighbor of Afghanistan , Pakistan was stand by America help to Afghanistan to supplying weapons and money from Pakistan to inside of Afghanistan against USSR .
Therefore In 1971 , America helped Pakistan in indo-pak war 1971 .
Causes of Activities of USA and USSR in Afghanistan , Policies what signed SALT-1 was between America and Soviet Union ended and this was the cold war timelines .
The cold war timelines in 1980s
In 1980s , Ronald Reagan turned into President of America by Election .
Olympics were happened in MOSCOW in 1980 .
America and other western countries did boycotts to this Olympic of Moscow .
and When Olympic was happened in Los Angeles in 1984 so USSR and their partner countries did boycotts to Olympic of Los Angeles .
what happen when was Ronald Reagan turn president of America ?
As soon as Ronald Reagan become president of America , Ronald Raegan started to spend huge money on weapons , Navy , Air forces and Army .
America started to make advanced missiles and Weapons and this was the cold war timelines .
Where as USSR and their economy was turning into weak economy .
America gave warning to USSR that was America would deploy missiles in space and media gave name of this fight StarWar .
BUT It could not happen ever by America and this was the cold war timelines .
In the other hand USSR lost his capability to make deployment of missiles in space because of their weak economy .
NATO military exercise in 1983
A Big Military exercise was happened by NATO Countries and the name was of that Military exercise ABLE ARCHER .
and As soon as Russia knew about this Military exercise , USSR felted that NATO would going to attack on itself and this was the cold war timelines .
SO USSR Again deployed missile and ready to fire on NATO like Cuban missile crisis but again USSR could not fire .
In 1983 , USSR attacked or shot to South Korean civilian plane and All passengers were dead .
Because USSR felted that South Korea plane was spying its .
In 1985 , A new General Secretary of USSR , who Mikhail Gorbachev was .
Reduction of stress of cold war
As soon as Mikhail Gorbachev became a New General Secretary of Communist of USSR .
From here , reduction of stress of cold war had started .
Because Mikhail Gorbachev bought new reforms , policy and strategies to increasing economy and this was a big cold war timelines .
Mikhail Gorbachev knew that growth of communist economy would not able to beat to Growth of Capitalist economy .
and Mikhail Gorbachev wanted to accelerate growth of communist economy that’s why Mikhail was having to take new reforms .
Mikhail Gorbachev did some changes in Government
Cause of these all changes , USSR was disintegrate in countries but it succeeded to stop cold war between USSR and USA .
- Freedom to speech was included in changes and this was not available before 1985 .
- Easing of media censorship ——- Now Media of other countries may have printed news of USSR but even this was not available without permission of USSR before 1985 .
- Government records again declassified .
- before 1985 , High authority people selected leaders but after 1985 election started among member of soviet party members but always party was only one Soviet .
- USSR allowed to foreign investment and this was the cold war timelines .
- USSR allowed to people who may have opened private owned business .
- because of these policies , Iron curtain had removed
After Iron Curtain fell down
After the Iron curtain fell down , By the changed policies of USSR by Mikhail . Poland , Austria Hungary and Romania controlled by Moscow was Communist government .
By the changed Rule of USSR , Poland , Romania and Austria-Hungary was demanding independence From communism .
And all war of act countries wanted to remove to communist Government .
In 1989 , Many peaceful revolutions were done in Poland , Austria-Hungary and other neighbor countries except Romania .
And this USSR was not send its army in Poland and Austria-Hungary during revolutions .
In 1989 , Berlin wall fell down because of cuban missile crisis war .
In 1989 , Georg Bush senior who was president of America , announced that The cold war is over Now and this was the cold war timelines .
So The Cold war had ended in 1989 and this was the cold war timelines
In 1990 , East Germany and West Germany successfully had united .
In 1991 , Soviet Union had disintegrated and its 15 sub National Soviets was become independent countries .
From 1985 to 1991 , Due to Mikhail reforms America started hold meeting with USSR .
USSR agreed for de-escalation , take back their army from Afghanistan and limiting or reduction of its Nuclear Weapons .
December 1991 , Mikhail Gorbachev’s ran out from Power and USSR Successfully disintegrated .
After The End Of Cold War
During the Cold war , world was divided into USA and USSR ( Bipolar ) But After the end of cold war , world was only Unipolar .
After the end of the cold war , America had come only as a Superpower and this was the cold war timelines .
Russia economy had down and out badly because risen of recession in economy of Russia .
Many Conflicts were done in Yugoslavia Balkan state , IRAQ WAR and Afghanistan war .
SO today many have nuclear weapons and possibilities is very less than the cold war .